CHSS highlights scholarship, service and teaching at annual showcase

Tuesday, May 02, 2017

Social Justice in Scholarship, Service and Teaching 

Thursday, May 4, 3-6 p.m.
Seven Hills Conference Center
San Francisco State University


Featured Presentations


Tiffany O'Shaughnessy and Shola Shodiya-ZeumaultNarratives of Resistance: Deconstructing Gendered Racial Microaggressions in Groups

Tiffany O’Shaughnessy, Assistant Professor, Department of Counseling, taosh@sfsu.edu
Shola Shodiya-Zeumault, Graduate Student, Department of Counseling

Within the context of the legacy of the enslavement of Black bodies and the oppression of women in the United States, demeaning narratives of the Black woman perpetuate systems of oppression and provide limited identities to which Black women can ascribe. This session will share an innovative semi-structured narrative therapy group designed to foster narratives of resistance and enhance resilience for African American young women. Qualitative and quantitative assessments of the efficacy of this group will be shared.


Marla RamirezSocial Justice as a Catalyst for Community Empowerment: Approaches to Mentoring, Research and Teaching

Marla A. Ramírez, Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology & Sexuality Studies, rmarla@sfsu.edu

Marla Ramírez will discuss how her own experiences as a first-generation, undocumented immigrant and transfer student inform the way she now mentors students. Her personal experiences also inform her research. Her book project, which examines the history of the Mexican Repatriation Program during the Great Depression, draws important connections to contemporary immigration and expands our understanding of citizenship and illegality. In the classroom, social justice is at the center of Professor Ramírez's pedagogy. She will address the class projects her students engage in, which always connect the concepts and theories learned in the classroom to local communities.


Nina Roberts“Talk is cheap and action speaks louder than words”: Social Justice at the Intersection of Teaching, Research and Service

Nina S. Roberts, Professor, Department of Recreation, Parks & Tourism; Faculty Director, Institute for Civic & Community Engagement, nroberts@sfsu.edu

Nina Roberts is nationally recognized for her work regarding diversity, equity and inclusion vis-à-vis parks and public lands. She involves students with her projects, and related publications become class case studies. For instance, after a local field trip to a national park including service (e.g., restoration), students interview a racially diverse park staff, and this is followed by formal classroom debate about constraints to minority use, resulting in rich dialogue and new knowledge. The presentation will show how Professor Roberts actively involves students in community service, conducts research benefitting agencies and builds relationships with community leaders — all impacting teaching and learning.


Poster Presentations

This year’s posters reflect the theme of the 2017 Annual Showcase — social justice — through scholarship, service and teaching. Presenters were asked to identify which of the three areas (or intersections of more than one area) are demonstrated in their posters. 

The posters are listed below according to those categories. 


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Scholarship

Promoting parent engagement and children's achievement through texting 
Alison Baroody, Assistant Professor, Child & Adolescent Development, abaroody@sfsu.edu
The poster presents results from a study that examined the effectiveness of a text messaging intervention in a sample of low-income families who had children enrolled in Jumpstart. The goal of the study was to promote parent engagement at school and foster children's interest and early literacy skills. Overall main effects were not found for the sample as a whole but subgroup analyses and interactions indicate that the intervention is effective for some children and families.
 

Participating in Active Virtual Reality Games: Does Gender or Previous Gaming Experience Matter?
Nicole Bolter, Associate Professor, Kinesiology, nbolter@sfsu.edu
Co-presenter: Dulce Gomez
Given that 50% of adults play some form of video games, Active Virtual Reality Games (AVRG) are a new avenue for exercise and have the potential to decrease sedentary behavior associated with increased health risks. However, a lack of female representation in the gaming industry raises the concern about video games being made by and for male participation. The purpose of this study was to assess differences in exercise intensity (%VO2R & Metabolic equivalents (METs)) and rate of perceived exertion (RPE) between three AVRG games among female (N = 20) and male (N = 21) participants. We also considered the interaction of gender and previous gaming experience to explain the viability of AVRG as a mode of exercise for both genders.
 

Barriers to Provision of Quality Medical Care to Transgender Patients During Pregnancy, Birth and Postpartum
Rebecca Chigas, Graduate Student, Nursing, rchigas@mail.sfsu.edu
The purpose of this project is to examine the health needs of and barriers to quality medical care for transgender and gender-variant people throughout conception, pregnancy, birth and postpartum.
 

Advocating for immigration reform: Fearful present, unknown future for “mixed status families”
Lucia Vieira, Graduate Student, Social Work, lvieira@mail.sfsu.edu
The number of undocumented parents who are deported, without knowing the fate of their children is increasing. It is estimated that 6 million out of the 11 million estimate undocumented immigrants in America are parents. A closer look at current immigration policies shows that one of the consequences of mass deportation is the dissolution of immigrant families and the separation within mix status families. Some children have “rights” to receive benefits such as medical insurance, education, and others (those not born in the U.S.) have none. This poster presents the findings of a meta-synthesis of published studies examining the effects of deportation in the lives of children of undocumented parents. Implication of my findings will be discussed in terms of supporting immigration reforms through the expansion of existing policies such as DACA and DAPA with the goal of preserving families’ nucleus.
 

Young Black Men Who Have Sex With Men: Identifying Barriers to Accessing HIV Treatment and PrEP
Simon Warner, Graduate Student, Social Work, sbw@mail.sfsu.edu
An estimated 60,900 youth aged 13-24 were living with HIV in 2013. Fifty-one per cent of these youth were estimated to be undiagnosed with HIV. Despite there being HIV treatments and prevention methods that have been shown to be efficacious, young black men who have sex with men (YBMSM) continue to be disproportionately affected by HIV and not getting the treatment they need. My poster addresses this issue.
 

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Scholarship & Service

Project Censored—Top News Stories: 2016-2017—Constructive Media & Collaboration vs. Fear, Injustice & Violence
Kenn Burrows, Lecturer & Faculty Advisor to Project Censored, Health Education, kburrows@sfsu.edu
Co-presenters: Audrey Johnson, Beth Surface, Amber Yang and Malcomb Pinson
Project Censored educates students and the public about News that didn't make the News and why! We work to expose news bias and censorship and promote independent investigative journalism, media literacy and critical thinking. Corporate media is designed to act in behalf of corporate vs. public interests. To protect our democracy: a free, independent media needs to inform the people about News that matters and affects their lives. Project Censored’s work includes a network of 16 campuses across the country who research and publicize important independent news stories in an annual book and educational events in our communities.

Project Censored—SF State does media research each year providing validated independent news sources for the national voting process and the annual book. We also host media literacy education events on campus, and students are regular guests on the Project Censored radio program, providing research and commentary about their independent news stories. PC-SF State is affiliated with the Holistic Health Studies program, which teaches the importance of information underlying healthy choices, and constructive, solution-based media.

Most news is about what we fear—natural disasters, human failures, fraud, theft, murder, war, financial loss or gains. This “problem-focused journalism” reports on proposed threats and creates a view of the world as “Mean and Dangerous.” This fear-based perspective can be overwhelming and it leaves out the vast amount of human behavior that is collaborative and caring.

Where’s the news highlighting human goodness, creativity and possibility? At PC—SF State we work to discover Constructive News, which highlights solutions and creative possibilities within communities. We also emphasize Generative Journalism and Appreciative Inquiry—focused on a developmental search for the best in people, their organizations, and the world around them. These approaches involve asking questions that strengthen a system’s capacity to explore and actualize the best possible outcome in any community situation. This solution-oriented thinking helps catalyze creative power and enable human strengths vs. simply reporting selected “facts.” We welcome you to explore these student researched news stories and see what we’ve discovered this last year.
 

Minority Stress and Alcohol Dependence among Queer Latinx and African Descent Women
Alison Cerezo, Assistant Professor, Counseling, acerezo@sfsu.edu
Co-presenter: Chelsey Williams
The aim of the proposed study was to explore the impact of intersectional minority stress on alcohol use among a community sample of sexual minority Latinx and African descent women. Twenty LGB women (10 Latina; 10 Black/African American) completed in-person semi-structured interviews and a lifeline (graphical representation of major stressors over their life course; see de Vries et al. 1995) to assess participants' (1) coming out history, (2) major life stressors and how such stressors were related to social status, and (3) drinking history, particularly when alcohol was introduced into their lives and when it became a regular part of their coping practice. Inclusion criteria for participation included self-identification as female, sexual minority, Latinx and/or Black/African descent, and moderate use (3+ days a week) of alcohol for the last three months.

This study was grounded in the theoretical assumption of minority stress, defined by Meyer (1995; 2003) as the experience wherein marginalized individuals (a) face discrimination and bias, and (b) lack access to existing social structures due to bias against them. Furthermore, the author worked from the premise that LGB women of color experience minority stress at the intersection of multiple, historically (and contemporarily) marginalized social statuses (Calabrese et al., 2015; Author, et al., 2014). Rooted in Crenshaw’s (1991) theory of intersectionality, we also relied on the premise that minority stress faced by LGB women of color is unique to their negotiation of multiple socially stigmatized statuses - a negotiation that occurs simultaneously - and that contributes to chronic health disparities among this community.

Findings revealed that most participants' began using alcohol upon entering social systems that were more affirming of their LGB identity, particularly within heterosexual communities of color. In other words, participants began using alcohol with supportive heterosexual acquaintances following familial rejection related to their LGB identity. Participants also discussed the common moderate use of alcohol within LGB women of color communities and the challenges of developing social support and community while remaining sober.
 

Challenges, Interventions and Results: SOAR TRIO’s Approach to addressing the challenges faced by Low Income First Generation (LIFG) students at SF State’s College of Health and Social Sciences (CHSS)
Juan Carlos Gonzalez, SOAR Program Director, CHSS, jcatsfsu@sfsu.edu
Co-presenter: Brandon Samuel Yuok
Our poster will address some of the academic preparation challenges that low income first generation (LIFG) students face and how SF State's Student Outreach and Academic Retention Student Support Services in Health Sciences / TRIO, or SOAR TRIO, is working to increase social justice by implementing interventions that increase graduation and student performance. SOAR TRIO annually serves 120 students who are federally low income, are first in their families to attend college, and/or have a disability and are also in a health science major/pre-major in CHSS. Participants receive an array of services designed to improve retention, GPA and graduation. Some of the services SOAR TRIO provides active participants include intrusive advising, cohort tracking, tutoring, a First Year Experience (FYE) course that satisfies the Critical Thinking requirement under General Education, community building events, dedicated space for participants, and workshops on a variety of topics like financial aid; financial literacy; graduate school options; and other academic and career topics.
 

The Hidden Relationship between the Family and Medical Leave Act and the Value of Family
Danny Thomas Vang, Undergraduate Student, Social Work, dvang1@mail.sfsu.edu
The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) of 1993 has long attempted to bridge the gap between the choice of personal health and close families versus job security; however, there has been limited research conducted on how race and gender interact with the FMLA. Here, this poster utilizes the Capacities and Vulnerabilities Analysis (March, Smyth, & Mukhopadhyay, 1999) and the Women’s Empowerment Framework (Longwe, 1995) to explore how the strong value of family in the Latino culture (Kulis & Marsiglia, 2015) may lead to invisible detrimental implications to the trajectory of an individual’s career because of employer bias. Incorporating cultural competency into programs such as the FMLA will uncover imperative hidden implications to the social work profession.
 

Promoting Activity and Stress-reduction in the Outdoors (PASITO)
Aiko Yoshino, Assistant Professor, Recreation, Parks & Tourism, ayoshino@sfsu.edu
Jackson Wilson, Associate Professor, Recreation, Parks & Tourism, wilsonj@sfsu.edu
Co-presenters: Eric Johnson, Edgar Velazquez and Leticia Márquez-Magaña
Social and environmental stressors get under our skin and cause disease. In communities of color, stress amplifies existing differences in health. The higher mortality associated with chronic diseases in Latinos and African Americans can be traced to the stress associated with being an ethnic minority. Chronic exposure to this stress exhausts many of the body’s homeostasis maintaining systems, depleting a buffer to disease. For this reason, reducing stress is a critical target for improving health in marginalized communities. Natural settings and physical activity are proven to improve health and reduce stress, but communities of color require an innovative approach to alleviate stress’ enhanced health consequences. This project aims to explore the compounded benefit of exercise and green space on levels of physical and mental stress.
 

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Scholarship & Teaching

Communal Goals and Sense of Belonging Among CHSS Students
Nicole Bolter, Associate Professor, Kinesiology, nbolter@sfsu.edu
Sherria Taylor, Assistant Professor, Consumer & Family Studies/Dietetics, sherriat@sfsu.edu
Dulce Gomez, Graduate Student, Kinesiology, dgomez5@mail.sfsu.edu
Maria Veri, Associate Professor, Kinesiology, mjveri@sfsu.edu
Juliana van Olphen, Professor, Health Education, jvo@sfsu.edu
Jocelyn Hermoso, Associate Professor, Social Work, jhermoso@sfsu.edu
Michele Eliason, Professor, Health Education, and Assistant Dean, Faculty Development & Scholarship, meliason@sfsu.edu
Women and Black, Latinx, and Native American students are considered underrepresented in research and science fields. These students often value communal goals of helping others and giving back, which are incompatible with the individualistic achievement culture of academia. This mismatch leads to a reduced sense of “fit” or belonging as well as poorer performance. In this study, we analyze survey data from students in the College of Health and Social Sciences (N = 185) for relationships among ethnicity, gender, sense of belongingness, communal goals, and intentions to pursue research. The data will help us forecast the effectiveness of a subsequent social justice pedagogy intervention in our classes. The project was funded by SF BUILD.
 

Enhancing Equity By Enhancing Achievement: Evaluating a student success resource
Adam Burke, Professor, Health Education, aburke@sfsu.edu
Co-authors: Paula Daniella Avila-Macias, Maddie Kohler, Maiya Akhmetzhanova and David Ye
College student procrastination is associated with lower academic performance. To support student success a mindfulness-based intervention was evaluated. Students were provided with an instructional resource designed to address the natural tendency of mind-wandering during studying. Undergraduate students (n=49) enrolled in an academic success course were introduced to the study resource, which visually represented mindful study as a sequence of four events. A within-subject design compared two weeks of studying using and not using the resource. Statistically significant differences were found for time on task, perceived stress, perceived quality of work, and satisfaction.
 

Successful Strategies for the Adoption of Prosthetics in Sub-Saharan Africa
Charmayne Hughes, Associate Professor, Kinesiology, cmhughes@sfsu.edu    
Co-presenters: Natalie Rios, Alexander Greene and Michael Morrisroe
Upper limb amputations have a significant negative effect on an individual’s physical, social, and psychological wellbeing. Upper limb amputations disproportionately affect sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), a geographical region with the most low- and lower-middle income economy (LMICs) countries. In SSA LMICs the loss of one or both upper limbs also result in specific financial losses (e.g., loss of earnings and medical bills) because the assessment, treatment, and rehabilitation services necessary to regain function are limited, and patients often do not have the means to pay for these resources with their own funds. In this poster, we provide background information regarding the availability of upper extremity prosthetics in SSA and outlines an intervention plan to facilitate the adoption of these prosthetics in this region.
 

Emergency Department Reports in U.S. Women: Violent Assault and Injuries to the Head, Face, & Neck
Charmayne Hughes, Associate Professor, Kinesiology, cmhughes@sfsu.edu
Co-presenters: Tatiana Mariscal Raymundo and Rachel Anna Southard
This purpose of this work was to examine the incidents of violent assault and injuries to the head, face, and neck (HFN) in U.S. women who report to the Emergency Department in 2013. Using the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS), a national probability sample survey, we examined the prevalence of 17 assault-related causes and 47 HFN diagnoses in women over 15 years of age. While prevalence is low compared to all other causes/diagnoses, we found preliminary evidence that violent assault and HFN injuries differ depending on age and race.
 

Population Ageing, Cognition, & Motor Control
Charmayne Hughes, Associate Professor, Kinesiology, cmhughes@sfsu.edu
Co-presenters: Brenton Kanno, Michael Sera and Samuel Grossman
Population ageing is one of the most significant trends of the 21st century. While it affects every country, those that started the process later will have less time to adjust. Population ageing has profound implications for many facets of human life, with people older than 65 exhibiting difficulties with cognitive functioning and the control of goal-directed movement. In this poster, we present the results of a study that examined the effects of ageing on motor control during upper extremity activities of daily living. Seventy-one individuals between the age of 21 and 71 years performed a prehension task with low precision (fitted task) or high precision (balance task) requirements. Results demonstrated that when the task had low precision requirements performance was stable until 60 years of age. In contrast, there was a steady decrease in performance when the task had high precision requirements. The current study demonstrates that the performance of daily activities is influenced by age and precision requirements, which has implications for cognitive-motor training and intervention programs across the lifespan.
 

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Improving Hypertension Management in Chinese Immigrants: Cultural Acceptability of Storytelling and Educational Videos
Wen-Wen Li, Associate Professor, Nursing, wenwenli@sfsu.edu
Objective: The study aim was to pilot test the cultural acceptability of the Chinese Medicine as Longevity Modality (CALM) intervention delivered via digital video disc (DVD) for hypertension management.

Methods: The culturally sensitive, hypertension management intervention DVDs were pilot tested with a sample of 20 Chinese immigrants (mean age: 70.9 years ±SD=10.1; 67% being women) via individual interviews using structured, open-ended questions. There were two parts to the presentation: 1) a storytelling DVD; and 2) a patient education program using a Powerpoint file conveyed via a video format. Both were customized to Chinese to improve their hypertension management. Content analysis was used to determine the participants’ comprehension of the DVD contents and offered suggestions for refining the videos.

Results: The study demonstrated cultural acceptability of the proposed CALM hypertension management intervention by the Chinese participants. Specifically, participants stated several strengths of the DVDs: 1) the inclusion of real storytellers and their stories; 2) positive encouragement from seeing the people manage their hypertension so well; 3) useful information about hypertension management, such as tips on remembering to take antihypertensive medications. Areas for improvement were: 1) the DVD was too long; 2) the DVD did not include input from family members; 3) the DVD was repetitive. 

Conclusions: The CALM intervention, delivered via DVD, was culturally acceptable to Chinese participants. The results will help further refine the CALM intervention to help Chinese better manage their hypertension. The CALM intervention may be adopted to other Asian immigrants who share similar cultural backgrounds with Chinese.

Integration of research findings into teaching: 1) A graduate student was involved in individual interviews and drafting the report; 2) Findings from this study will inform teaching in nursing research, both theory and seminar courses, regarding use of technology to enhance management of chronic diseases in minority populations.
 

A Sociological Analysis of Publicly Available Social Data
Alexis Martinez, Associate Professor, Sociology & Sexuality Studies, alexisnm@sfsu.edu
Co-presenters: Megan Bograd and Elsie Arias
We present findings from a secondary analysis of the National Health Interview Survey to examine research questions about immigrant health inequalities in the United States. Student co-authors apply their sociological research skills to write research questions, identify appropriate statistical tests, conduct descriptive and inferential analyses using SPSS, and present findings in an academic conference format.
 

Biofeedback Strategies to Increase Social Justice and Health Equity: A wearable device to teach awareness of posture and improve self-care
Erik Peper, Professor, Health Education, epeper@sfsu.edu
Richard Harvey, Associate Professor, Health Education, rharvey@sfsu.edu
Co-presenters: Lauren Mason and Monica Joy
Background: People involved social justice activities sometimes do not take time for self-care. This study explores how posture effects physiology and how posture biofeedback training can enhance empowerment and health. A collapsed posture is associated with depressive memory bias, failure-related emotions, lower subjective energy, lower confidence and increased pain. An upright posture is associated with increased confidence, performance, self-image, subjective energy and less pain.

Method: 15 participants either slouched or sat upright. Breathing rate was significantly higher in the collapsed than erect (position. Heart rate was significantly higher in the erect position than collapsed position (70.7/min). Posture feedback with an UpRight device provided vibrational feedback whenever slouching occurs.

Results: Significant increases in awareness of posture, confidence, happiness, productivity, optimism, energy, appreciativeness, concentration, patience, and strength and an increase in the SF-36 RAND index of health. This pilot study suggests that a posture feedback device is a useful tool to quickly teach posture awareness and improve well-being.
 

“I Love your Expertise”: The Emerging Field of Improvisation Therapy
Patricia Van Velsor, Associate Professor, Counseling, pvanvels@sfsu.edu
Co-Presenter: Jenny Debevec
Improvisation therapy is an emerging field in which the clients utilize three elements--voice, body, and imagination. The use of improv facilitates clients’ social-personal creativity and can result in improved mood, empowerment in speech and thought, and bonding with others. Improv therapy can be applied in a variety of group and individual settings with a diverse population. Currently, improvisation therapy is also effective at helping train medical staff, those with social anxiety, and those with autism.
 

Unlearning Racism: An Experiential Model for Nursing Students
Larry Vitale, Lecturer, Nursing, vitale@sfsu.edu
Marcia Canton, Lecturer, Nursing
The School of Nursing is dedicated to the practice of social justice. As such, we have an unwavering commitment to reducing health disparities in our local communities. The Institute of Medicine’s 2002 landmark report, “Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Healthcare, “ said “…research indicates that minorities are less likely than whites to receive needed services, including clinically necessary procedures, even after correcting for access-related factors, such as insurance status. To educate future nurses, it is our obligation to address inequities that are often left unchallenged by healthcare professionals.

This poster will present a series of in class exercises designed to uncover the effects of racism and point the way to creating bridges of understanding where people from all cultures are valued, honored, and respected.
 

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Service & Teaching

Identifying the Effects of College Peer Mentoring on Student Success Outcomes
Ana Maria Barrera, Lecturer, Kinesiology, abarrera@sfsu.edu
Co-presenter: Emily Abueg
The present study focuses on examining the impact of peer advising at the college level on academic student success outcomes. Utilizing the Academic Advising Inventory (AAI), by Winston and Sandor (2002), the aim is to investigate student advising experiences within the Kinesiology Department at San Francisco State University. Statistics in recent years have illustrated a decline in SFSU’s 4-year graduation rates. The ultimate goal of this study is to determine if student advising needs are being addressed, and to assist the University with enhancing student learning, raising retention and graduation rates, and improving the student experience at all levels.
 

The study abroad experience of Latina social work students in Germany
Jocelyn Hermoso, Associate Professor, Social Work, jhermoso@sfsu.edu
Co-presenter: Patricia Cartagena and Fabiola Guadalupe Prieto Martinez
Students of color are under-represented among a nation-wide sample of students who study abroad (Sweeney, 2013). Only 6.4% of students of color who participate in study abroad were Latinx students (Chang, 2017; Twombly, Salisbury, Tumanut, & Klute, 2012). Broadening access to study abroad for Latinx students is beneficial to providing high-impact learning experiences that will help students hone social work competencies and prepare them for practice with Latinx communities. This poster presentation will focus on the study abroad experiences of two Latina social work students in Germany and what they learned from their internships with agencies working with Syrian refugees and youth. Implications for social work practice with Latinx communities will be discussed.
 

A University-based Therapeutic Exercise Program for Young Adults with Disabilities 
Jihyun Lee, Assistant Professor, Kinesiology, jhlee@sfsu.edu
Co-presenters: Trenton H. Stewart and Ryan C. Taylor
Health-related issues due to physical inactivity in adults with disabilities have been addressed in literature. Unfortunately, young adults with disabilities who are in community-based transition programs often do not have enough opportunities to participate in physical activity (e.g, physical education or adapted physical education). Considering their counterparts engaging in various physical activities without many challenges, more physical activity opportunities and movement experiences should be provided to young adults with disabilities to help them maintain their physical functions and health. This presentation introduces a university-based therapeutic exercise program as an effort to achieve social justice by providing physical activity and movement experiences to young adults with disabilities who have sensory needs and movement delays. Diverse physical activity needs of the participants and types of physical activity that are helpful are described. Future recommendations are made to advocate physical activity for young adults with disabilities in community-based transition programs.
 

Welfare Workers’ Readiness To Support Foster Youth In Developing Healthy Intimate Relationships
Yoly Guadalupe Magallanes, Graduate Student, Social Work, ymagalla@mail.sfsu.edu
Celina Rivas, Graduate Student, Social Work, chartma2@mail.sfsu.edu
This research explores how equipped San Francisco child welfare workers feel about having conversations about intimate relationships and reproductive health with the foster youth on their caseload. The findings of this research will provide child welfare agencies insight on what type of trainings and/or resources they can provide to their workers. In doing so, child welfare workers may be able to provide more adequate support to the youth on their cases. This type of support is essential to foster youth since child welfare workers may be one of the few consistent and healthy adult relationships they have.
 

DoD Sexual Assault Policy Analysis: Capabilities and Vulnerabilities Framework and Women's Empowerment Framework
Nathan Padilla, Undergraduate Student, Social Work, npadill2@mail.sfsu.edu
This poster will analyze the Department of Defense Sexual Assault Prevention and Response (SAPR) Procedures to determine if specific needs of women who currently serve in the military are being met and to what degree women are being empowered to report and receive services. The foundation of this analysis will create a gendered perspective using a Women’s Empowerment Framework (WE) and a Capabilities and Vulnerabilities Framework (CV). Implications for practice include using a qualitative approach when collecting sexual assault data for policy evaluation and turning over all decision making in the sexual assault reporting process.
 

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Scholarship, Service & Teaching

Women in Space: Studying simulated weightlessness on slow-twitch muscle fibers in healthy females
James Bagley, Assistant Professor, Kinesiology, jrbagley@sfsu.edu
Co-presenter: Kaylie Zapanta
Developing exercise countermeasures to prevent muscle atrophy is vital for ensuring Astronaut health during spaceflight. However, most physiological studies in microgravity have utilized only male participants. Of the 537 total Astronauts who have traveled to space only 60 have been female (~11%), but fortunately this number is steadily growing. With NASA’s goal of sending humans to Mars and beyond, there is a need 1) for research to analyze the muscular response in female Astronauts during spaceflight and 2) to encourage/support women to pursue careers in space sciences. Here, we used a ground based model to study the effect of unloading on slow-twitch muscle fibers in six healthy women (with, or without exercise countermeasures). This exploratory study will act as a framework for future investigations to identify effective exercise regimens for female Astronauts during spaceflight.
 

OMH Health Equity Fellowship: RHEC IX Elderly Health Disparities Project at SF State Gerontology Program
Martin C. Blanco, Research Assistant, PACE: Gerontology, mcb@mail.sfsu.edu
Darlene Yee-Melichar, Professor, PACE: Gerontology, dyee@sfsu.edu
Co-authors: Andrea Renwanz-Boyle and Karen Routt
Information about health disparities among minority elders is growing. Policymakers and practitioners may find it difficult to translate this body of literature into effective and efficient healthcare delivery for minority elders. Easier access to information and programs on various health disparities and social health determinants will enable healthcare professionals, minority advocates, policymakers and practitioners to make better decisions on key issues that minority elders will face in the near future. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of Minority Health launched a Youth Health Equity Model of Practice (YHEMOP) Health Equity Fellowship Program during Summer 2016. As part of this program, the Regional Health Equity Council in Region IX (RHEC IX) partnered with San Francisco State University’s Gerontology Program to conduct a comprehensive literature analysis on elderly health disparities and to produce an annotated bibliography of key peer reviewed articles, audiovisual resources and data websites. An executive summary (factsheet) was drawn from this annotated bibliography and directed to relevant funding agencies and legislators with recommendations for their consideration and implementation in Region IX (Arizona, California, Nevada, Hawaii, and the Islands: American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Guam, Marshall Islands, and the Republic of Palau). The results of this research will be discussed with CHSS Showcase participants.
 

HIV Medication Adherence Interventions for HIV+ MSM
Therese Doan, Assistant Professor, Nursing, jungdoan@sfsu.edu
Co-presenters: Inga Knudson, Stephanie Payne and Robbie Rodriguez
The poster resulted from NURS312: Research & Evidence-based Nursing-GW course where students learned to think, speak, and write scholarly like a nurse. As a group project, three students (Inga, Stephanie, and Robbie) with a passion for marginalized population of HIV positive (HIV+) men who have sex with men (MSM) were curious about what interventions would be effective in helping this population with medication adherence. Equipped with knowledge from the course on nursing research and evidence-based practice, these students posed a research question and conducted a literature review accordingly. Students wrote an evidence-based literature review, created a poster, and gave an oral presentation in class. With my encouragement, students submitted the abstract to Sigma Theta Tau Region 1 International Nursing Research Conference in Vancouver BC July 2017. The abstract was accepted for both poster and podium presentation.

HIV affects more than 1.2 million people living in the United States, with more than 50,000 new infections every year. Among these, MSM make up 55% of people living with HIV and 67% of new infections. While there are numerous on the best interventions for preventing viral transmission,  few studies focused specifically on HIV+ MSM with adherence barriers. We reviewed interventions to improve medication adherence among this population to make recommendations for future practice.
 

Expanding Academic-Community Partnerships in Gerontological Graduate Education
Cristina Flores, Lecturer, PACE: Gerontology, cfrn@sfsu.edu
Darlene Yee-Melichar, Professor, PACE: Gerontology, dyee@sfsu.edu
Social research, policy and practice related to academic and community partnerships for gerontology in higher education are reviewed, and practical ideas are offered to help educators move toward partnership. It is a concept of partnership that enables San Francisco State University’s Gerontology Program to implement an innovative partnership with Eldercare Advocacy Bay Area and other community-based organizations. This session describes how gerontology students benefit from partnerships established by SF State’s Gerontology Program with reliable and reputable community partners. Gerontology students often benefit from internship placement experiences that may enhance their ability to fully develop and engage in the learning necessary to be successful. By establishing partnerships with community-based organizations, we have provided our students with a variety of internship placements and learning environments to meet the changing needs of emerging gerontologists. We also collaborate with State approved vendors to provide students with the required internships and training necessary to enter the field of Long Term Care Administration as Assisted Living Administrators and Nursing Home Administrators. For 20+ years, we have measured student success with a variety of indicators including academic success, student satisfaction, and job placement. Data collected from internship students, preceptors and vendors has shown that the academic-community partnerships have improved in their ability to become learning opportunities committed to education, community service and quality assurance. By discussing the relationship between education and practice, our model has been shown to promote the development of mutually beneficial interactions for our students and the community partners with whom they learn.
 

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Promoting Social Change through a Faculty-led Short-term Study Abroad Program
Pavlina Latkova, Associate Professor, Recreation, Parks & Tourism, latkova@sfsu.edu
Co-presenter: Rachelle Wilson
Service learning is a high impact education practice designed to enrich the curriculum. Service learning also gives faculty an opportunity to perform “the dual role of social justice educator/service-learning practitioner” (Bowen, 2014, p. 51). Using an example of RPT 470: Alternative Spring Break Costa Rica class, the study provides suggestions for incorporating social justice education into faculty-led short-term study abroad class through service learning.

The study will specifically address the following:

  1. Faculty-led short-term study abroad course development process
  2. Course structure & additional course fee
  3. Learning outcomes
  4. Course content
  5. Community-based work & partnerships
  6. Assignments
  7. Assessment


American Indian Mental Health: From Childhood Victimization to Adult Re-Victimization and Depressive Symptoms among American Indians in the Northern Plains
Yeon-Shim Lee, Associate Professor, Social Work, yl375@sfsu.edu
Purpose:  Many studies indicated that victims of childhood abuse are at increased risk for transmitting violence in adulthood. Using Riggs’s theoretical model of long-term effects of childhood abuse, this study examined (1) the associations between childhood maltreatment and intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization; and (2) the mediating roles of insecure attachment patterns and depressive symptoms among American Indian adults living in the Northern Plains.

Method: We conducted a cross-sectional survey with 479 American Indians in the Northern Plains from 2013 to 2014. A structural equation modeling was used to assess the hypothesized relationships among key constructs.

Our findings highlighted the vulnerability of American Indians who experience cumulative disadvantages or even further ‘extended’ poly-victimization. The experience of childhood maltreatment was directly associated with increasing IPV victimization among the sample. The mediation analyses showed that depression was a significant mediator in the association between childhood maltreatment and IPV victimization. Although we did not find a significant mediation effect, all the paths linking childhood maltreatment, disorganized attachment, depressive symptoms, and IPV victimization were statistically significant.

Implications: American Indian survivors’ depressive symptoms can be understood as remaining issues from the earlier childhood adverse experience, which should be adequately addressed to minimize its negative impact on their life. Future research may incorporate the adult attachment theory to better understand the causes and pathways to IPV victimization, and further help guide the development and testing of interventions and preventions of IPV. Clinicians and health professionals should include childhood maltreatment history and current attachment patterns in their assessments with clients, which will help to address conflict and violence within intimate relationships.


Raising Awareness of Alzheimer’s among Asian Indian Elderly Immigrants and Their Caregivers
Sahana Kiron Magal, Research Associate, PACE: Gerontology, sahana.magal@gmail.com
Darlene Yee-Melichar, Professor, PACE: Gerontology, dyee@sfsu.edu
Co-author: Edie Yau
Cultural idiosyncrasies are concealed, yet critical, factors affecting people's understanding about a disease and its conditions. Elderly immigrants from the Indian subcontinent have shown reluctance in accepting dementia as a disease. Any conversation about dementia and intervention is usually avoided by explaining it away as a natural progression tied to the elderly immigrant's age. This poster explores the lessons learned from community outreach efforts to involve Indian elderly immigrants to participate in awareness programs through the auspices of the Alzheimer’s Association, Northern California and Northern Nevada Chapter. The overarching goal of this research was to explore the available corpus of educational materials that increase the awareness of dementia among people of South Asian origin. The primary focus of the study was on Alzheimer’s disease, as it is the most common cause of dementia in elderly adults. The second objective of the study was to facilitate Alzheimer’s related information resources to be more culturally sensitive and user-friendly. Results of the study will be discussed with an emphasis on the importance of developing culturally appropriate educational materials on dementia and Alzheimer’s for South Asian Indian elderly immigrants. The audience will learn about developing didactic materials in the form of a brochure written in Hindi, which is the most broadly understood language in South Asia.
 

Narratives of Resistance: Using Narrative-Based Group Therapy to Deconstruct Gendered Racial Microaggressions
Tiffany O’Shaughnessy, Assistant Professor, Counseling, taosh@sfsu.edu
Co-presenters: Shola Shodiya-Zeumault, Carla Pena-Martinez, and Lindsey Walker
This poster presents the results of a mixed-method investigation of the impact of a 6-week Narrative therapy group with eight high school students enrolled in a local partner school that identify as Black young women. Consistent with a social justice mission, our group focused on building counter-narratives that foster individual and communal resistance to internalized gendered racism. We examined the impact of the intervention on the self-reported anxiety, depression, and self-esteem of these individuals. We examined qualitative change in participant narratives via the “Innovative Moments” (IM; Goncalvez, 2009, p. 171) therapy coding system, which examines the ways that an individual, or the group, acted distinctly from rules that a problematic self-narrative ‘prescribes’ for her life.
 

Surviving and thriving in systems: Counselors managing multiple roles and challenges 
Rebecca Toporek, Professor, Counseling, rtoporek@sfsu.edu
Co-presenters: Doris Dhe Garcia and Saba Gebre
Community college counselors often serve many roles to meet the complex needs of clients and organizations (e.g., case manager, advocate, administrator, crisis interventionist). Further, there is very little research regarding this unique counseling specialty despite the high interest of incoming counseling students. This qualitative study was designed to gain a greater understanding of the roles and responsibilities of counseling positions within community college settings. In the study, we conducted interviews of counselors to call on their expertise and experience regarding the multiple roles that counselors. Additionally, we asked for their recommendations regarding practice and training. Core values of social justice, advocacy, empowerment, personal accountability and student success formed a working foundation. Findings provide important knowledge for training of the future community college workforce.
 

Weaving a Path from Textile Discard to Reuse: A Pier 96 Textile Analysis
Connie Ulasewicz, Professor, Consumer & Family Studies/Dietetics, cbu@sfsu.edu
Gail Baugh, Lecturer, Consumer & Family Studies/Dietetics, gbaugh@sfsu.edu
Co-authors: Orisa Fonseca, Kinsey Thomas, Zhuwei Li, Cassandra Violette and Giselle Alvarado
There is no justice in the 13 million tons of textiles disposed of annually in the United States, including fibers and artificial dyes that will not deteriorate but will generate volatile emissions and toxic water. Our students insist on changing the cycle of destruction. This project goal was for students to understand and analyze the current process of textile collection and sorting at Pier 96 to determine what textile products consumers discarded and what could be recovered for reuse. This project included the actual sorting of a 1 ton bale of textiles to count, classify and determine was recoverable.
 

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